Author Topic: USFWS Red Wolf Restoration Scandal  (Read 67400 times)

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citizensscience

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Re: USFWS Red Wolf Restoration Scandal
« Reply #681 on: July 19, 2017, 06:05:14 AM »
In what is clearly part of the largest Endangered Species Fraud in United States, Americans discover the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) has invested over $41 Million dollars genetically constructing a wolf they do not own.

Citizens Science.org has obtained official documents stating; "It should be noted, however, that the wolves now in the breeding program for which the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible are considered property of Mexico and that the federal wildlife agencies of both countries have agreed to give areas within Mexico priority in reintroduction proposals.”

It goes on to state; “Any proposal to reintroduce Mexican wolves in the United States would depend on availability of wolves from the breeding program after the priority of restoration in Mexico was met."

Current release data obtained from FWS indicates 96 Wolves have been released between 1998 - 2015 within the United States.
In sharp contrast the International Wolf Center reports Mexico wildlife officials released five Mexican wolves into an undisclosed area of Sonora, Mexico in October 2011, with only one surviving.

This begs the question; was “the priority of restoration in Mexico met?"

The FWS continues to document and confirm the Mexican Government has sole ownership and jurisdiction of all Mexican Wolves.   Jack B. Wood, Acting Assistant Regional Director (AFA) wrote to Ing. Juan Jose A. Reyes Rodrigues staying in part; "It would be impossible for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to assume responsibility for Wolves owned by Mexico which were released in the U.S."
FWS Assistant regional director (AFF) wrote to Mexico stating “We informed interested zoos that program wolves and any offspring remained the property of Mexico, under the care of the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)."

After repeated formal FOIA request and communication by Citizens Science and email communication directly to Director Ashe, the FWS has been unable to provide documentation from Mexico granting the authorization to release Mexican wolves within the United States.   Additionally, FWS has been unable to provide any official document that would have transferred the ownership of Mexican wolves to the United States.

Absent any authorization from Mexico, FWS later proceeded to commingle founding pure wolves, originally trapped in Mexico by Roy McBride with other captive Mexican Wolves which showed signs of having hybridized with dogs, known as the Ghost Ranch Wolves.
Mr. McBride was outraged, on June 2, 1997 writing to David Parsons, then head of the FWS recovery effort...
"I was shocked to see that the wolves of the Ghost Ranch lineage were being included in the captive breeding program. The origin and genetics of the Ghost Ranch animals were discussed and investigated ad nausea.  In fact, the conclusion by all members of the early recovery team was that the animals were wolf-dog hybrids. This one is the primary factor behind the decision to seek and capture the (7) remaining wild population, because it was the only pure genetic stock available.”

Mr. McBride on Ghost Ranch Dogs

"I was sent to inspect the Ghost Ranch animals that were in captivity at the living desert zoo at Carlsbad and the private collection of Norma Ames.  Nobody, dead or alive on the planet earth, has caught as many wolves in Mexico is I have.  But none of the wild wolves resembled the animals that I saw represented in this captive collection. The explanation that the Ghost Ranch animals "do not look like wolves because of captivity and diet" is science right out of the Twilight Zone.  The real reason that many of the Ghost Ranch animals look like dogs is because that is what they are.”

Roy McBride on the Act (ESA)

"With the understanding that the endangered species act does not protect hybrids, all the wolves from Norma Ames and Carlsbad zoo were euthanized. Since you have now revised history, and consider the Ghost Ranch animals are actually wolves, wouldn't the anesthetizing of these wolves be considered a "taking" of endangered species? Are you likewise guilty of taking by mixing the hybrids with the wolves?  How are these facts going to be handled by law-enforcement have you notified them?  I have remained neutral about the reintroduction of the Mexican wolf in Arizona / New Mexico, because I don't believe it to be any of my business.  But dumping out a bunch of hybrids to kill livestock, game animals, and restrict traditional activities is just taking it to far.  If the Ghost Ranch animals are true wolves, then what are the animals that I took out of Mexico that are so different?  And why was I sent to catch them (by FWS) when these other animals are already available?  By including the Ghost Ranch hybrids in the breeding program, you are threatening the validity of genetics of the entire wolf reintroduction program, both North and South.”

Roy McBride on Court & Conviction

"When the first Mexican wolf is killed by some Rancher or Trapper, and it enters the court as a legal matter, you will never be able to convict anyone of killing a true wolf. "The early records of the recovery meetings, the credentials of the participants, and their conclusions will be contrary to your case, and are a matter of public record --- easily recovered.  "You may put dog blood in the wolves, but you will never take it out.  And you will forever cloud the issue of what it is you have released into the wild."
“I believe you have made a serious mistake."

Sincerely,

Roy McBride

McBride and his hybrid statements were supported in an official recovery document obtained by Citizens Science. "Both the recovery team and the FWSR, of course, acutely aware of the political complications involved in proposing any wolf reintroduction with stock that could in any way be criticized as not "pure" examples of the kind of wolf that historically existed in the release area. ...the FWS suggested that for the time being, captive propagation efforts use only stock captured (pure wolves) from the wild in Mexico beginning with the seven animals captured by Mr. McBride.”

Mexico’s wolf expert Jose Trevino's referred to Mexican Wolves produced as "man-made wolves" and his counterpart Poglayen called them "Artificial Wolves"…

Mysterious Disappearance – Prescribed?

Ghost Ranch – Extensive original documentation relating to the Ghost Ranch Lineage raises significant suspensions of lawlessness and Scientific Fraud within the USFWS.

•   "Origin of female founder unknown (Woody, 1986).
•   "Male founder suspected to be of Hybrid (wolf/dog) ancestry (Woody, 1986)"
•   "The skull of the male founder a key item in determining lineage origin and which is said to have been retained at ASDM,              vanished before it could be subjected to analysis (Woody, 1986).
•   Remains of neither founder are available for analysis (Hedrick, 1995, P. 3).
•   "Neither the founders (2) nor any of the animals produced by the first (3) generations of breeding in this lineage (19); or those animals most likely to have retained currently considered non-Mexican wolf alleles were examined for microsatellite variation by Wayne et al. (1995) (Hedrick, 1995, Fig. 2, p. 5).
•   "Management of the Ghost Ranch lineage has been haphazard, poorly documented and characterized by extensive full sibling and parent – sibling mating’s (Woody, 1986; Hedrick 1995, P. 3).
•   "There is a high degree of inbreeding in the Ghost Ranch lineage (Woody, 1986; McBride, pers. comm., Hedrick, 1995 p. 3.)
•   According to Hedrick (1995, p. 8): "Nowak (personal communication) also had examined the skulls of some of the other captive animals and has noted certain questionable characteristics in a few specimens, especially small teeth and bullae, which would hint at influence from the domestic dog."
•   “Phenotypic aberrations produced in the Ghost Ranch lineage included animals of two eye colors (where one eye is yellow while the other is blue), animals with floppy rather than erect ears, animals with pronouncedly shortened rostra, and animals with sickle tails carried over the back in pronounced dog fashion (McBride, pers. Comm., 1995)  According to Mr. McBride (pers. Comm., 1995), the Ghost Ranch lineage is compromised by hybridization with dogs.”
•   “As of December 7, 1995, Mr. Parsons had yet to view any living descendant of Ghost Ranch lineage firsthand (Parsons, pers. comm.,  Dec. 7, 1995).  Never the less, and without examining any of these animals first hand, Mr. Parsons pronounced them fit, to be purely “Mexican Wolf,” and to be appropriate for inclusion with the Certified lineage in July of 1995.  Mr. Parsons determination was based entirely on the results of Hedrick’s and Wayne’s yet unpublished 1995 studies which remain not generally available for public review as of January, 1996.”
•   “Of the six coyote populations sampled by Wayne et al. (1995) and compared by them to the three captive “Mexican Wolf” lineages, none are from Mexico or the Southwest (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Colorado or Utah)  (Hedrick, 1995, p.13 & Fig. 4, p.14).”
•   “Since coyote populations from Arizona, New Mexico, Texas Colorado or Utah were not sampled by Wayne et al. (1995), it cannot be stated that coyote populations “from throughout the United States” were examined by Wayne et al. (1995), as is inaccurately claimed by Hedrick at p. 13 of his 1995 work.”
•   “Meaningful conclusion regarding differences between coyotes and captive “Mexican Wolf” lineages is precluded by the fundamental failure of Wayne et al.  (1995) to compare coyote populations and captive “Mexican Wolf” lineages of similar biogeographic origin (Hedrick, 1995, Fig. 4, p. 14).”
•   “Wayne et al.  (1995, p. 6) cannot eliminate the possibility that the Ghost Ranch lineage originated from other North American Gray Wolves or a Dog whose offspring had backcrossed to wild wolves for several generations.”
•   “Since one of the founders (the male) is suspected to be of wolf-dog origin (Woody, 1986; McBride, pers. comm., 1995), and since the remains of neither of the Ghost Ranch lineage founders are available for analysis (Hedrick, 1995, p. 3), it is not possible to know the degree to which this founder was actually hybridized.  In other words, the founding male could have been one-quarter dog, one eighth dog, etc.  Moreover, both the initial hybrid ancestor of the founder, and the founder himself, could have been the sole progeny produced by respective litters.  If we assume that the founding male was not ½ dog, but was instead ¼ or 1/8 dog, and if we further assume that he was the sole progeny produced in litter, then the probability that we would see one of the dog alleles given as diagnostic by Hedrick would be substantially lower that the figure quoted by him.”

Conclusion –

Why did the founders of what has been widely documented as domestic Hybrid Wolves suddenly “Disappear”?  The evidence strongly suggest someone deliberately discarded these hybrid specimens to cover up their offspring “Non-ESA” protective status…
Citizens Science possesses many official documents relating to hybrids and it is 100% conclusive, the Endangered Species Act does NOT protect hybrids.

“A hybrid is defined as the offspring of two organisms (animal or plant) of different species (as defined pursuant to the Act).

“Protections of hybrids is inconsistent with the Act because it may result in the loss of the last remaining “pure” gene pools or the takeover by hybrids of habitat essential for the genome’s survival. 

Donald J. Berry, Vice President of Defenders of Wildlife and retired Assistant Solicitor USFWS, reaffirmed the USFWS opinion dated 8/2/1977 in his two page memo dated 9/21/1983,  Status of the Hybrid offspring of two endangered species.

“The August 2, 1988 memorandum incorporated the definition of “hybrid” used in the May 18, 1977 memorandum.  The position that hybrids were not covered by the ESA was reaffirmed, after consideration of additional evidence from the Office of Endangered Species, in a third opinion by the Assistant Solicitor for Fish and Wildlife to the Associate Director for Federal Assistance, dated May 6, 1981.  Given the definition employed for “hybrid”, it is apparent that a hybrid of two listed species, such as the gray and red wolves, is covered by these memoranda and should not be covered as protected by the ESA.”

Mr. Berry went on to say –  “… if two wolves of the type at issue here (hybrid) between red and gray were themselves to be bred, they would not produce purebred red wolves and purebred gray wolves.  The genetic heritage of the gray wolf and the red wolf would thus not be conserved by protection of the hybrids.  Extending the protections of the ESA to hybrids of this type would not promote the purpose of Congress in enacting the ESA.”

“For the reasons set forth above, we conclude that a hybrid whose parents are both listed species is nonetheless not covered by the ESA of 1973, 16 U.S.C. 55 1531 et sec.”

Ladies and Gentleman, USFWS deliberately discarded the Founding Specimens to cover up their hybrid origin as stated above.
CitizensScience.org
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citizensscience

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Re: USFWS Red Wolf Restoration Scandal
« Reply #680 on: July 18, 2017, 09:31:40 PM »
Expected News Announced -

USFWS announced & CFBD reported, both the Red Wolf and its larger #Hybrid Selectively Bred and Invented Cousin the #MexicanWolf are set to undergo a quick DNA test to determine, one may suppose... their final disposition -


« Last Edit: July 19, 2017, 06:02:15 AM by citizensscience »
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citizensscience

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Re: USFWS Red Wolf Restoration Scandal
« Reply #679 on: July 17, 2017, 09:53:31 AM »
Beware the #WolfPimps are back preying on unsuspecting #DefendersOfWildlife Donors!!

These wolf pimps have been known to actively solicit donations under the disguise of a #FakeWolf!

This after #DOW own Vice President #DonBerry drafted a Solicitors Opinion stating the Hybrid #RedWolf was NOT covered under the #ESA prior to retiring, frim his previous job, as an attorney for the USFWS.




« Last Edit: July 17, 2017, 10:49:38 AM by citizensscience »
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citizensscience

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Re: USFWS Red Wolf Restoration Scandal
« Reply #678 on: July 14, 2017, 09:04:45 AM »

Operation #Retraction 

Gunshot Red Wolf "Cover-Up"


Part 1

https://vimeo.com/127324812#t=78s


Part 2

https://vimeo.com/127949184
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lynn

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Re: USFWS Red Wolf Restoration Scandal
« Reply #677 on: July 13, 2017, 10:23:29 PM »
Something is mighty fishy when they deemed that gun shot wolf had died of heart worms! And they know who had shot it and caused this heart worm attack! Mighty fishy I tell you, mighty fishy! I think they are affaid to chage anyone and have any half assed lawyer take the case.

citizensscience

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USFWS Red Wolf Restoration Scandal
« Reply #676 on: July 13, 2017, 05:40:09 PM »
And all the while everyone thought coyotes were the #1 risk, seems it's Hogs here lately perhaps incidentally making those Knock-Off Invented & Inserted DNA Marker'ed Red Wolves go... "KAPUT"...

I bet it's a problem to report the mortality within 24 hours subsequent to a suspected intake of Hog Vitamins...  Wait, I mean...  Heart-Wormer!!!

Odie - You know it's still the Gunshot Red Wolf that died of Heart Worms that's the best!


https://vimeo.com/127949184
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lynn

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Re: USFWS Red Wolf Restoration Scandal
« Reply #675 on: July 13, 2017, 05:25:37 PM »
With only as few as twenty-four "red wolves" (coyote hybrids) left in the wild, they may wait till that number is zero before draining that prime red wolf habitat.  As long as they are off federal land seems they are fair game.

citizensscience

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Re: USFWS Red Wolf Restoration Scandal
« Reply #674 on: July 13, 2017, 10:50:39 AM »

#SecretaryZinke on Flooded Farm Land??  Humm... Makes you wonder...

Howard - It's time to #DrainTheRefuge & restore that ideal Red Wolf Habitat!


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citizensscience

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Updated Mortality Numbers??
« Reply #673 on: July 12, 2017, 10:32:34 PM »

Why is USFWS not updating the mortality numbers to illustrate the true number of known Red Wolves?
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citizensscience

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Controversy Stalks Red Wolf Protection Plans
« Reply #672 on: July 12, 2017, 02:41:10 PM »

ENDANGERED SPECIES

Controversy stalks red wolf protection plans

Michael Doyle, E&E News reporter
Published: Wednesday, July 12, 2017


The Fish and Wildlife Service’s plans to change management of the endangered red wolf in North Carolina have stirred up controversy. Wolf Haven International/Fish and Wildlife Service
The Fish and Wildlife Service's plans to change management of the endangered red wolf in North Carolina have set packs of people howling.

In two hearings last month and in more than 11,000 written comments, an energized public has alternately blasted and embraced a proposed strategic shift that would blend the wolf's wild and captive populations. It's the latest round in a species recovery wrangle that's lasted decades.

"We are deeply concerned about the proposed drastic changes," Georgia Hancock of the Animal Welfare Institute said at a June 6 hearing in Swan Quarter, N.C., adding that the proposal would "essentially throw in the towel on the species recovery in the wild."

Others insist, with equal vehemence, that federal officials are right to adjust their approach and priorities.

"The schools are crumbling and everything else, and we are spending millions in these communities not to the benefit of the residents or the children, but to the benefit of an animal," North Carolina resident Uli Bennewitz said at a June 8 hearing in Manteo, N.C.

A mass of conflicting written opinions both raw and well-prepared have likewise flooded the Fish and Wildlife Service during a public comment period that ends July 24. As of 10 a.m. today, at least 11,899 comments had been received, with many appearing to be form letters.

The wildly divergent public opinions underscore the long-standing challenges facing Fish and Wildlife as it tries to restore the red wolf's diminished population. The animal has been protected under the Endangered Species Act since 1973.

Once found from Texas to the East Coast, the canid is now confined to an area around the Alligator River in northeastern North Carolina, in addition to a captive breeding population. Twenty-four wolves in the wild have working tracking collars, and there are additional wild wolves without working collars, Fish and Wildlife spokesman Philip Kloer said.

Roughly 200 red wolves are held in captivity.

The wolves in the wild are considered a "non-essential experimental population," and the plan has been for them to eventually become established on their own without replenishment from the captive breeding population. It hasn't worked out that way.

"Risks of continued hybridization, human-related mortality, continued loss of habitat due to sea level rise, and continued population decline are high and have led to poor prospects" for the experimental population, the Fish and Wildlife Service noted in the Federal Register.

The problems have prompted recovery team officials to consider managing all the remaining red wolves as a single population.

"The proposed revision would authorize the movement of animals between the captive and wild populations in order to increase the number of wolves in the captive-breeding program and maintain genetic diversity for both captive and wild wolves," the agency stated, adding that it would "introduce the natural selection occurring in the [wild population] back into the captive population."

The proposal has stirred up the kind of strong sentiments often associated with the protection of charismatic species.

"This proposal is shameful!" Oregon resident Julianne Ramaker declared June 20. "Do not reduce their range, and allow their recovery to progress naturally and without interference from homo sapiens, who happen to be the most vicious and self-serving species on the planet."

Skeptics counter with pointed questions about cost and the potential impact on private property owners. At the time of a 2014 study by the Wildlife Management Institute, commissioned by the Fish and Wildlife Service, the agency was spending $1.3 million a year on the red wolf recovery program.

"The federal government has spent millions of dollars and tens of thousands of man hours over a thirty year period in an attempt to re-introduce these animals to the wild," Roper, N.C., resident Bill Blackwell wrote June 1. He added that "it is time to end this project, stop wasting taxpayers money, and let nature take its course."

But while controversial, Fish and Wildlife's latest notion is still in its early stages.

After this initial public comment period, the agency plans to develop a formal proposal and complete a draft environmental review. Officials would then field additional comments, finalize plans and, if history is any indication, prepare for the litigation to come.

“We intend to publish a proposed rule and notice of availability of a draft [environmental review] document by the end of this calendar year," Kloer said.

https://www.eenews.net/greenwire/2017/07/12/stories/1060057263
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